General Assembly OKs war
Nov. 8, 2006
The General Assembly of the
National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA and Church World
Service today called for "an immediate phased withdrawal of American and
coalition forces from Iraq." The withdrawal plan is linked to
"benchmarks for rebuilding Iraqi society."
The call came as part of a pastoral message that was officially and
overwhelmingly affirmed by the annual General Assembly. It will be sent
to the Bush administration, Members of Congress and is also addressed to
people of faith and all people of goodwill.
"As men and women of
faith, we believe that freedom, along with genuine security, is based in
God, and is served by the recognition of humanity's interdependence,"
said the message, "and by working with partners to bring about
community, development, and reconciliation for all, and that such
freedom and security is not served by this war in
Of the more than 200 delegates voting, only two abstentions and one 'no'
vote were heard.
Also today the Assembly adopted a new policy on human biotechnologies
entitled, "Fearfully and Wonderfully Made." [http://www.ncccusa.org/pdfs/BioTechPolicy.html]
The policy proclaims the sanctity of all human life as God's creation
and condemns human reproductive cloning. But the policy acknowledges
differences exist among the 35 different member communions regarding
stem cell research.
The Assembly, meeting this week (Nov. 7-9) in Florida also unanimously
passed two resolutions based on the biotechnologies policy. One calls
for a worldwide ban on human reproductive cloning. A second,
"Biotechnology and National Security," calls for more oversight of
government and private sector laboratories developing bio-warfare
weapons. The resolution calls for creation of a National Science
Advisory Board for Bio-defense within the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services. It would have "powers of regulation and oversight" of
government and private bio-defense projects.
Delegates to the Assembly come from Protestant, Orthodox, Anglican,
historic African American and traditional "peace" churches representing
45 million members in 100,000 congregations across the United States.
NCC News contact: Dan
Webster, firstname.lastname@example.org, 212.870.2252.
Complete text of the
"Pastoral Message on The War in Iraq" adopted by the Governing Board of
the National Council of Churches USA Nov. 7, 2006 and affirmed by the
General Assembly, Nov. 8, 2006.
To the Administration, Members of Congress, People of Faith, and All
People of Goodwill:
In the months preceding the United States' invasion of Iraq, leaders of
member communions within the National Council of Churches USA, along
with Roman Catholic and other Church leaders worldwide, expressed the
conviction that the war with Iraq was not warranted, even as our country
was involved in what was termed by the U.S. Government as a global "war
on terror." Since that time, many justifications have been given for
this war: the need to prevent the spread of weapons of mass
destruction; the desirability of planting a new democracy in the Middle
East; the need to destroy a major base for terrorism; and Iraq's
connection to the 9/11 attacks against America.
All of these justifications have been revealed as false or
ill-considered. For this reason, the National Council of Churches USA
repeats its call that this war must be brought to an end.
Our view of this war in Iraq is informed by our belief that war is
contrary to the will of God, and an affront to God's creation (Genesis
6:11-12). Some member communions, therefore, including the historic
peace churches, believe that all war is sin and never justified, and
that participation by Christians in war cannot be sanctioned, even as
others might consider it as engagement in a "lesser evil" to overcome a
"greater evil." Other member communions hold that war can sometimes be
justified if certain criteria are met. The cause or case for military
action must be just, the war must be sanctioned by recognized
governments, the war must be carried out so as to minimize civilian
casualties, the destruction and death must not exceed in proportion the
potential gain of peace and/or justice, and the war must be clearly a
last resort. Whether one views the war in Iraq from the peace church
perspective, or from that of the churches informed by a "just war"
tradition, it is clear to the member churches that this war violates the
churches' clear ethical norms.
We believe that our calling is to be co-workers with God in the creation
of God's promised reign, by transforming our present world into a
community of goodwill (Romans 12:9-21). Because scripture is our guide,
we believe that all people are called to seek peace (Matthew 5:9) and to
turn our swords into plowshares (Micah 4:3-4). We take this call
seriously, mindful of what befalls a country that takes the path of
arrogance, self-righteousness, and even hubris (Isaiah 2:5-11).
As men and women of faith, we believe that freedom, along with genuine
security, is based in God, and is served by the recognition of
humanity's interdependence, and by working with partners to bring about
community, development, and reconciliation for all, and that such
freedom and security is not served by this war in Iraq. And we mourn
the tremendous toll this war has taken on both U.S. and Iraqi societies,
and foresee a future of even more instability in the region and in the
world should this war in Iraq continue.
As Americans, we affirm that the solution to so many problems in the
world requires the moral leadership, in addition to the technological
and economic leadership, that the United States can offer, and we
lament, with our partners in the global church, the lapse in such moral
leadership and also credibility in recent years, especially as it
pertains to our country's justification and conduct of this war in Iraq.
Therefore, united together as the National Council of Churches USA, we
call upon the U.S. Government to recognize that the continued presence
of occupying forces has not provided meaningful security for Iraqi
citizens and only exacerbates escalating violence, and begin an
immediate phased withdrawal of American and coalition forces from Iraq
with a timetable that provides for an expeditious final troop
withdrawal. And we further call upon our government to link this
withdrawal plan to benchmarks for rebuilding Iraqi society, since the
reconstruction of infrastructure, the restoration of essential services,
and a foundation for economic growth are necessary to nurture Iraqi
hopes for a stable future, and to steps to meet the security concerns of
all Iraqis, including the more vulnerable, smaller ethnic and religious
We urge our government to give meaningful support to U.S. troops. This
meaningful support includes: bringing active and reserve forces home
from this war; providing soldiers still in harm's way with adequate
armor to protect them from gunfire and explosive devices; giving earned
benefits to veterans, especially injured veterans, of this war in which
they have valiantly served; and honoring the sacrifice made by those who
have died in this war by making adequate provision for surviving family
members and creating a withdrawal plan that brings such sacrifices to an
end. And we insist that our government begin a process of restoring
trust in its conduct of foreign policy and multilateral engagement,
damaged and undermined by a pattern of deception both in the arguments
made by the Administration leading up to the war, as well as during the
conduct of the war.
Also together, as an ecumenical organization that brings together
diverse churches in the search for Christian unity and in common
witness, we pledge that our member communions will continue to: educate
their members on the way that lead to peace; promote moral choices in
foreign policy, so that the well being of our own nation and of all
peoples may be established; and pray and work for peace and
reconciliation, in Iraq and throughout the world.
And finally, the National Council of Churches USA pledges that the
leaders of our own member communions will give bold and public witness
to these calls and affirmations within our own communions and
ecumenically in public settings.